Prashanth Jayaram

Prashanth Jayaram

How to continuously read Transaction log file data directly in a SQL Server database with fn_dblog and fn_dump_dblog

August 23, 2018 by

Outline

In this article, we’ll discuss how to read SQL Server transaction logs. This article should provide and insight into how the workload is being captured in the transaction log files. We are going to see how to get the transaction meta-data details and the history of the data will give us a clear idea of how the system is working and helps to decide peak usage hours, also helps to log information about who is doing what?

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How to set up a DDL and DML SQL Server database transactional replication solution

August 22, 2018 by

In the article How to setup SQL Server database replication for reporting Server we discussed all about setting up a simple SQL Server transactional replication environment. In this article, we’ll simulate a more robust system that replicates faster and includes both DDL and DML statements. We’ll walk-through the steps to setup a dynamic transactional replication.

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SQL Server database migrations with zero data loss and zero downtime

August 15, 2018 by

The growing importance and complexity of data migration, in an era of exploding data volumes and ever-changing business requirements, means that old approaches will no longer get the job done. We are in a world where everything needs to run instantly. Every Database Administrator or Developer would have definitely heard about database migrations with zero downtime and with zero data loss.

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Getting started with Azure Data Studio (ADS); initial installation and configuration

August 14, 2018 by

Microsoft Azure Data Studio is a new GUI-based (vs CLI) lightweight tool for developing and managing your modern SQL databases. The tool resembles Microsoft’s lightweight code editor, the open source IDE Visual Studio Code in terms of functionalities and the UI in general. If you’ve used Visual Studio Code (or VS Code), you’d feel at home with Azure Data Studio. Azure Data Studio also integrates really well other products like Azure SQL Database and Data Warehouse has been made very simple. Azure Data Studio is a cross-platform tool available for Linux, Windows, and Mac to manage the SQL Server databases. You can go ahead and download Microsoft Azure Data Studio to try it out!

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All about MSSQL-Scripter, the SQL Server cross-platform scripting Tool

August 14, 2018 by

One of the major challenges we face today, in the software development lifecycle, is with respect to development and deployment. As applications are deployed by moving various pieces of the SQL code between several versions, configuration, different editions, and sometimes even different platforms, deployment becomes daunting. In my opinion, scripting helps a lot and can really “grease the wheels” with addressing many scenarios that involve such complexity.

The importance of database level scripting is high, but it is getting easier by the day. Scripting is a process of generating a text file that contains the data structures and data from the database objects.

So, do we have a SQL native tool which serves the various purposes and usage? In some cases, the answer’s a yes, and in others, it’s a no.

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Continuous Database Delivery (CD) using SQL Server Tools SqlPackage.exe

August 14, 2018 by

A little curiosity on my part led me to research a little further on the available pieces of SQL Server Tools. A cross-platform tool for continuous integration and deployment, called SqlPackage, is part of SQL Server Data Tools. I picked it up because continuous integration, delivery and deployment are now must-have in the modern-day application development paradigm.

We’d talk about the following in this article:

  1. The Database Management Life Cycle
  2. Complexities of the database release management process
  3. Introduction to SQL Server Data Tools and SqlPackage
  4. Using SqlPackage.exe, with examples
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The BCP (Bulk Copy Program) command in action

August 13, 2018 by

There are various methods available for bulk data operations.

  1. BCP utility
  2. BULK INSERT
  3. Using OPENROWSET
  4. Import/Export wizard

The BCP (Bulk Copy Program) utility is a command line that program that bulk-copies data between a SQL instance and a data file using a special format file. The BCP utility can be used to import large numbers of rows into SQL Server or export SQL Server data into files. The BCP data files don’t include any schema details or format information. Hence, it is recommended to create a format file to record the data format so in case of any failures, you can refer to the format file and better understand the data format to determine what may have gone wrong..

We’ve been using the BCP tool for a long time, the reason being that it has a very low overhead, and works great for bulk exporting and importing of data. It is one of the most efficient ways to handle bulk import and export of data.

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Overview of the SQLCMD utility in SQL Server

August 13, 2018 by

This article is aimed at helping you understand the sqlcmd utility. Of course, this is a tool most of us have used it at several occasions given that the tool has been around for a decade now. However, to be a solid starting point, this article contains some examples that help you understand the tool from different viewpoints.

This article discusses the following:

  1. How to enable SQLCMD
  2. A few important points to remember
  3. SQLCMD with scripting variables in SSMS
  4. Passing variables (or argument) as T-SQL and or a SQL Script file
  5. SQLCMD with scripting variables and Windows scripting in SSMS
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Using transactional data replication to replay and test production loads on a staging server

August 9, 2018 by

Outline

In this article, you’ll see how to simulate production loads on a test server with a “record and replay” type situation using the transaction log, batch scripting, PowerShell and a SQL Server agent job.

We’ll be walking through the scenario in the following steps

  1. Record the production load and write the transactions to disk by generating a timestamped replay script
  2. Create a batch file to automate the task at an interval of every 1 minute
  3. Create a SQL Server agent job to schedule the batch file
  4. Replay the production workload to the target/test database by running a PowerShell script to open and execute the scripts at the same interval as they were created, every 1 minute
  5. Validate the data between the source and the target databases to make sure our job works
  6. Monitor the load with a monitoring tool, solution of your choice
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SQL interview questions on database backups, restores and recovery – Part I

July 30, 2018 by

So far, we’ve discussed a lot about database backup-and-restore process. The backup database command is an online database copy of the SQL Server database and restore database command gives an option to test the consistency and integrity of the backup file.

As we all know, the backup database command bound with many database options. Indeed, it facilitates the execution of specific backup database command that meets the business requirement.

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Database Backup and Restore process in SQL Server – series intro

July 26, 2018 by

It’s a time to turn the corner from “DBA” to “DBA specialist”. This in-depth guide explores the importance of database backup-and-restore features and skills you’ll need to build good backup-and-restore strategies using the available tools and techniques. Along the way, you’ll pick up some interesting insights and most of the concepts of database backup and restore procedures.

Ready to dive-deep into Backup-and-Restore procedures? Let’s go!

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SQL interview questions on database backups, restores and recovery – Part II

July 25, 2018 by

In this article, we’ll walk through, some of the refined list of SQL Server backup-and-restore, (or recovery) interview Q&A. Also, it includes the high-level overview and links of the “stairway to backup-and-restore series” articles for detailed information. As you read through the lists of Q&A, you’ll learn most of the features and concepts of Backup-and-Restore operations.

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Backup and Restore operations with SQL Server 2017 on Docker containers using Azure Data Studio

July 19, 2018 by

In this 18th article of the series, we will discuss the concepts of database backup-and-restore of SQL Server Docker containers using Azure Data Studio. Before proceeding, you need to have Docker engine installed and Azure Data Studio configured on your host machine.

This article covers the following topics:

  1. Overview of Azure Data Studio (ADS)
  2. How to use Azure Data Studio integrated terminal
  3. Definition of Docker containers
  4. Step by step instructions to initiate backup-and-restore of SQL Server 2017 Docker containers using the Azure Data Studio interface
  5. And more…
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In-Memory Optimized database backup and restore in SQL Server

July 6, 2018 by

A SQL Server backup and restore strategy is an essential process to safeguard and protect critical data. The vital role of any DBA is to minimize the risk of data loss and preserve data modifications at regular intervals of time. A well-planned and well-tested backup-and-restore strategy always help to protect the organization with no data loss, or at least a minimum, from the many varieties of system and database failure. As such, it is recommended to understand the importance and implication of the backup-and-restore strategy.

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SQL Server Database Backup and Restore reports

June 14, 2018 by

In the previous articles, we discussed several ways of taking backup and testing the restore process to ensure the integrity of the backup file.

In this article, we’re going to discuss the importance of the database backup reporting. This kind of reporting will be designed to eliminate any unnecessary risk that may arise with the safety and security of information. This is the reason, the high-level report; Daily Health Check report will be generated and sent to the SME or to the DBA responsible for IT Infra management.

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SQL Server Database Backup and Restore operations using the Cloud

May 29, 2018 by

This article discusses the concept of SQL Server backup and the various components required to use the Microsoft Azure Blob storage service as a target for the backup. As we all know, disk and tapes were the default destinations of choice until the evolution of the cloud platform. In addition to this, now we can expand the native functionality of SQL Server backup to cloud storage; the Windows Azure Blob storage. This functionality was added first in SQL Server 2012. In general, backup and restore functionality to and from the cloud are similar to using disk or tape, with very few differences.

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