Sifiso W. Ndlovu

SQL Server pivoting on non-numeric data types

February 19, 2016 by

Introduction

In the article, Multiple Options to Transposing Rows into Columns, I covered various options available in SQL Server to rotating a given row into columns. One of the options included the use of a PIVOT relational operator. The mandatory requirement of the operator is that you must supply the aggregate function with only a numeric data type. Such a mandatory requirement is usually not an issue as most aggregations and subsequent pivoting is performed against fields of numeric data type. However, sometimes the nature of business reporting requests may be such that you are required to cater for pivoting against non-numeric data types. In this article we take a look at how you can deal with such requirements by introducing a workaround to pivoting on non-numeric fields.

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Ahmad Yaseen

How to configure SQL Server mirroring on a TDE encrypted database

February 19, 2016 by

Securing and encrypting sensitive data stored in your production databases is a big concern, especially the databases storing the organization’s financial data and customers’ confidential information.

SQL Server offers multiple encryption methods in the cell, table and database levels. And in this article, we are interested in a SQL Server database encryption method, introduced in SQL Server 2008, called Transparent Data Encryption (TDE). SQL Server TDE provides encryption on the database file level; it encrypts the database (.MDF), (.LDF), (.NDF), (.BAK), (.DIF), (.TRN) and snapshot files.

The main purpose of this article is showing how we could setup a mirroring site for a database encrypted using SQL Server Transparent Data Encryption. But before starting the demonstration, it is better to introduce TDE first.

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Joshua Feierman

A DBAs Introduction to Mercurial – Branching and merging

February 19, 2016 by

Introduction

In my previous article, we went over the basics of Mercurial, as well as some arguments why using it is critical for database administrators. Among many reasons, it allows us to easily track history and changes to our scripts, which in turn makes it easier for us to experiment and enhance our toolkit, since we can do so safely without fear of permanently causing damage. In this installment, we are going to go into more depth on the specifics of two feature of Mercurial that, once harnessed, can add significant efficiency to our coding workflows.

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Ed Pollack

Insight into the SQL Server buffer cache

February 18, 2016 by

When we talk about memory usage in SQL Server, we are often referring to the buffer cache. This is an important part of SQL Server’s architecture, and is responsible for the ability to query frequently accessed data extremely fast. Knowing how the buffer cache works will allow us to properly allocate memory in SQL Server, gauge accurately how databases are accessing data, and ensure that there are not inefficiencies in our code that cause excessive data to be cached.

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Daniel Calbimonte

How to execute jobs on multiple SQL Servers

February 18, 2016 by

Introduction

In earlier chapters, we explained how to administer multiple servers using the ApexSQL Backup and how to run queries in multiple SQL servers using the SQL Central Management Server. In this new chapter, we will show how to propagate a job from a SQL Server Master Agent Job to a target server.

This feature is called Multiserver Administration. In a multiserver administration, you need a Master Server and one or more target servers. In the master server, you create a copy of the job and then it is copied and executed in the target servers.

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Ed Pollack

Searching the SQL Server query plan cache

February 8, 2016 by

Whenever a query is executed in SQL Server, its execution plan, as well as some useful execution data are placed into the plan cache for future use. This information is a treasure trove of metrics that can allow some very useful insight into your server’s performance and resource consumption. Much of this information would be difficult or impossible to acquire otherwise.

Understanding how to access and use the metadata about query execution will provide us the tools we need to answer questions about our server and gain fascinating performance data. I’ve found myself spending more and more time writing, tweaking, and using queries against the plan cache lately and look forward to sharing these adventures with you!

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Kimberly Killian

What is causing database slowdowns?

February 2, 2016 by

Why is my database so slow? This query used to be so much faster. Why does it take so long to rebuild my index? How come it was fine last month? Every day I am asked these types of questions by clients. Every day! A lot of database developers and application developers do not realize that indexes are ever changing entities within your database or rather they need to be monitored closely and managed periodically to remain efficient. I cannot even count the times someone tells me “but we have index’s on this or that column and it was fine last month” and so on. All while they fail to realize or even tell me that the database just took on, updated or deleted 1,000,000 records for example, which would definitely change the footprint of the data, making the index’s unsound or in need of help. Even adding 50 new users that use the data differently could require new indexes. That being said, I decided to automate a quick and easy data gathering and reporting job that helps to answer these questions. Most of the time query performance questions can be answered by determining the fragmentation levels of index’s, if there are missing index’s, duplicate index’s, unused index’s and what are the heavy hitters in regards to queries and are queries running in memory or to disk and how many executions. My favorite thing to do with SQL Server is automate, automate and automate the tasks that are asked of me over and over.

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Joshua Feierman

A DBAs introduction to Mercurial – Working with files and changes

January 28, 2016 by

Introduction

In my previous article, we went over the reasons why DBAs should use version control, as well as the benefits of Mercurial as a specific choice. We also gave three examples of instances where source control can come in handy (though to be honest they were picked from a much longer list). In this article, I’m going to go a step further and actually walk you through setting up your first repository (locally for now, we’ll go into setting up a remote one later), making your first commit, and making (and viewing) changes to your newly tracked files. Let’s get started!

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Rajendra Gupta

Database snapshot in SQL Server

January 28, 2016 by

Database snapshot is a great feature that offers virtual read only consistent database copy. When we create the database snapshot in the live operational database, it takes a database point in time static view and Rollback all uncommitted transactions in the snapshot database so we will not be having any inconsistent data that is yet to be committed. Database snapshot always exists on the Source database server.

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Luan Moreno M. Maciel

In-Memory OLTP Series – Data migration guideline process on SQL Server 2014

January 28, 2016 by

In this article we will review migration from disk-based tables to in-memory optimized tables. This article assumes that you already understand the pros and cons about In-Memory Technology, for more articles about this, please refer here.

There are some options available on SQL Server 2014 and SQL Server 2016 that will help you to identity, discover and track the tables and stored procedures that can be good candidates to be ported to memory. Furthermore it’s possible to check if the table meets to all the pre-requisites established. Here is the list of the features that we will take a look into.

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Kimberly Killian

Simple SQL Server automated user auditing

January 25, 2016 by

As a DBA I am often asked to provide lists of all active users ID’s or groups for a specific server or database. In addition to this, I am also asked to provide a list of failed logins. These requests are frequent enough that I decided to automate the process of gathering this data and provide two nicely formatted HTML emails. I am not going lie, manager types love these reports, and anything that makes managers love my work I am all about! I’m also all about automating anything that makes my job easier. Call me lazy or call me prepared, I hate having to do something over and over that I could easily throw into an SSIS package or Agent Job and just schedule it to do it for me. This entire process consists of using SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS), 4 tables and a SQL Agent Job containing 2 reports (Failed Logins and Active SQL Server Users). The SSIS package, along with all of the queries and scripts are attached at the end of the article.

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Timothy Smith

Understanding the distribution scale of transactional and snapshot replication

January 25, 2016 by

Background

If an environment chooses to use snapshot or transactional replication, one useful exercise is to ask the technical end user (or client) what they think replication does. If you have access to a white board, you can even ask them to demonstrate what they think replication will do for their data. Generally, these technical end users will plot something similar to the below image, where we see a table with data being copied to another table with data.

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Daniel Calbimonte

How to run multiple queries using the Central Management Server

January 25, 2016 by

Introduction

When you have thousands of SQL Servers, it is very hard to administer all of them. These article, will show some tips to help you on these types of tasks.

In other article, we showed how to backup a database on multiple SQL servers at the same time using ApexSQL Backup. In this new article, we will show how to run T-SQL scripts against multiple Servers using SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS). To do this, we will use the Central Management Server. The main idea of this feature is to administer multiple servers in a centralized way using queries or policies. This feature is available in SQL Server 2008 or later versions and cannot be applied in older versions.

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Eli Leiba

Creating a stored procedure to fix orphaned database users

January 25, 2016 by

The Problem

This problem demonstrates a very common scenario. When a backed up database is restored to a different location or server, the restored database users that exist inside of it, lose their association to the new server login objects.

This problem occurs because the server id in the user data is still the old server and must be changed to the new one.

The DBA task is then to restore the connection between the login and the database user object and to link them together again.

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