Daniel Calbimonte

How to use PowerShell to create a SQL Virtual Machine in Azure

June 4, 2015 by

Introduction

The first time that you create your VM in Azure manually using the UI is a very pleasant experience. However, when you have hundred and sometimes thousands of computers it is extremely exhausting and boring to create and configure it.

With PowerShell, it is possible to automate several administrative tasks and create scripts to automatically create VMs, enable ports, download and create remote desktop files, administer services, etc.

In this new chapter, we will show how to create a Virtual Machine in Azure with SQL Server installed using PowerShell.

Requirements

  • An Azure subscription.
  • A local machine with Windows installed.
  • The PowerShell installed (check my first article about PowerShell, step 1 to 5 for more information about the installation).
  • Connect to Azure from PowerShell by creating and importing a PublishSettings file (see my article about PowerShell and Azure step 8 to 13 for more information).

Getting started

  1. The first thing that you need to know is your subscription information. You can use the following command to get your subscription information:

    Get-AzureSubscription

  2. The command will provide all the Subscription information:


    Figure 1. Subscription information

  3. The information that we need is the SubscriptionName. You could also use the following command to get just the required information:

    Get-AzureSubscription | select SubscriptionName

  4. Once you have the SubscriptionName, store the information in a variable:

    $SubscriptionName= Visual Studio Ultimate with MSDN

  5. In the Azure Portal you can find the same information just to compare by clicking in the user name> View my bill. This step is just to verify and compare PowerShell with the portal.


    Figure 2. Billing information

  6. In the subscriptions, you will find the subscription name.


    Figure 3. The type of subscription

  7. We also need the storageaccount. The storage is used to store information like backups, files and in this case the Virtual Machine information.

    We can get the list of StorageAccounts with the following command:

    Get-AzureStorageAccount | select label

  8. The information displayed is the following:


    Figure 4. The Azure Storage Accounts

  9. You can store the storageAccount information with this command:

    $storageaccount=’mysqlshackstorage’

  10. You can compare this information with the Storage section in the Azure Portal.


    Figure 5. The storage list in the Azure Portal

  11. You can also check the currentStorageAccount using the command of the step 1.


    Figure 6. The current Storage Account Name

  12. Something important is the Location and Geo-Location. You can find this information using the following commands:

    Get-AzureStorageAccount | select
    label,location,geoprimarylocation

    The location is used to locate your service near you. That may improve the speed of your Services in Azure.


    Figure 7. The storage, locaton and primary location.

    In this example the location will be West US.

  13. If you do not have an storage account you can create one with the following commands:

    $dclocation=’West US’

    $storageaccount=’sqlshackstorage

    New-AzureStorageAccount -StorageAccountName $storageaccount -Location $dclocation

    The $dclocation variable will store the location. You can check the storage created following the step 10.

  14. Another step is the image used to create the virtual machine. The following command will provide the images related to SQL Server:

    Get-AzureVMImage | select ImageName

    The command will show all the Azure images including Servers with Linux, Oracle, SharePoint, SQL Server, etc. The images are used to easily create virtual machines with software installed instead of installing from zero.


    Figure 8. The list of virtual Images.

  15. In this example, we will use a SQL Server 14 RTM Web Edition:

    $image=’fb83b3509582419d99629ce476bcb5c8__SQL-Server-2014-RTM-12.0.2361.0-Web-ENU-Win2012R2-cy14su05′

  16. Now set the Azure Subscription

    Set-AzureSubscription -SubscriptionName $SubscriptionName -CurrentStorageAccount $storageaccount

  17. You will also need a CloudService name. First, let’s add a service name in a variable:

    $cloudServiceName = ‘sqlshackpsserv

  18. You can create a new Azure service with the following commands:

    New-AzureService -ServiceName $cloudServiceName -Label "my service" -Location $dclocation

  19. You can verify the cloud service created in the portal.


    Figure 9. The list of cloud services

  20. We will also need the Administrator username and password to login the Virtual Azure machine.

    $UserName = ‘Daniel
    $Password = ‘Security12!@

  21. You will also need a Virtual Machine name:

    $virtual_name = ‘VMSqlShack

  22. Now, create a Virtual Machine with a User and Password using the cloudServiceName:

    New-AzureVMConfig -Name $virtual_nameInstanceSize Large –ImageName $image | Add-AzureProvisioningConfig -Windows -Password $Password –AdminUsername $UserName | New-AzureVMServiceName $cloudServiceName

  23. If everything is correct, you will be able to see the the Virtual Machine created in the Azure Portal:


    Figure 10. The virtual machine created

    It may take some minutes for the virtual machine to start.

  24. You can get the virtual machine information using the following command:

    GetAzureVM ServiceName $cloudServiceName Name $virtual_name

  25. The information displayed by the Get-AzureVM will be similar to this picture:


    Figure 11. The VM information

  26. You can create a remote desktop file using the following command:

    Get-AzureRemoteDesktopFileServiceName $cloudServiceName -Name $virtual_nameLocalPath "c:\myvm\psVirtual.rdp"

  27. You can now connect to your machine by double clicking on the rdp file.


    File 12. The rpd file

  28. Now you can connect to your machine with the credentials provided on step 20.


    Figure 13. The virtual machine with SQL Server created

  29. Finally, if the machine is for testing purposes, you can stop the Virtual machine using this command (strongly recommended because Azure charges per minute of started machine):

    Stop-AzureVMServiceName $cloudServiceName Name $virtual_name

Some typical errors

  1. When you run this command:

    New-AzureVMConfig -Name $virtual_nameInstanceSize Large –ImageName $image | Add-AzureProvisioningConfig -Windows -Password $Password –AdminUsername $UserName | New-AzureVMServiceName $cloudServiceName

    A typical error is this one:

    Add-AzureProvisioningConfig : A parameter cannot be found that matches parameter name ‘MediaLocation’.

    When I had this error I just changed the virtual images (in step 14) to a different SQL Server image because the one used expired.

  2. When I run this command:

    New-AzureService -ServiceName $cloudSvcName -Label "MyLabel" -Location "DC-LOCATION"

    I received the following output:

    VERBOSE: 9:12:48 AM – Begin Operation: New-AzureService

    New-AzureService : ConflictError: The specified DNS name is already taken.

    At line:1 char:1

    + New-AzureService -ServiceName $cloudSvcName -Label "MyLabel" -Location $dclocati …

    + CategoryInfo : CloseError: (:) [New-AzureService], CloudException

    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : Microsoft.WindowsAzure.Commands.ServiceManagement.HostedServices.NewAzureServiceCommand

    The solution is just to try to assign a diferent service name.

Conclusion

In this chapter, we learned how to create a virtual machine using PowerShell. First, you need to verify the subscription information, use an existing StorageAccount or create a StorageAccount and set Azure Subscriptions.

You have to create an Azure Service.

With that information, you can create a Virtual Machine assigning a user name and password.

The last part is to create an rdp file to connect remotely to the virtual machine.

References

For more information, refer to these links.

Get-AzureVM
Stop-AzureVM
How to use PowerShell to set up a SQL Server virtual machine in Azure


Daniel Calbimonte

Daniel Calbimonte

Daniel Calbimonte is a Microsoft Most Valuable Professional, Microsoft Certified Trainer and Microsoft Certified IT Professional for SQL Server. He is an accomplished SSIS author, teacher at IT Academies and has over 13 years of experience working with different databases.

He has worked for the government, oil companies, web sites, magazines and universities around the world. Daniel also regularly speaks at SQL Servers conferences and blogs. He is also a writer for SQL Server training material for certification exams.

View all posts by Daniel Calbimonte
Daniel Calbimonte
SQL Azure

About Daniel Calbimonte

Daniel Calbimonte is a Microsoft Most Valuable Professional, Microsoft Certified Trainer and Microsoft Certified IT Professional for SQL Server. He is an accomplished SSIS author, teacher at IT Academies and has over 13 years of experience working with different databases. He has worked for the government, oil companies, web sites, magazines and universities around the world. Daniel also regularly speaks at SQL Servers conferences and blogs. He is also a writer for SQL Server training material for certification exams. View all posts by Daniel Calbimonte

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